There are many types of looms. According to textile fiber classification can be divided into cotton machine, wool loom, sacks loom, silk loom and so on. For example, the classification of weft insertion by weaving can be divided into two categories: Shuttle loom and shuttle loom.
A shuttle loom is a loom that uses a traditional shuttle (a wooden shuttle or plastic shuttle) to draw weft. The shuttle is large in volume and heavy in weight, and is repeatedly projected by the traffic, the machine vibrates greatly, the noise is high, the speed is slow, the efficiency is low.
The weft-insertion method of shuttle-less loom is various, including Rapier, Jet (Jet, water spray), projectile, multi spindle mouth (multiphase) and knitting.
1, Rapier loom: With a rigid or flexible rapier head, to bring clamping, guidance weft. Rapier loom In addition to the appropriate weaving plain and grain fabric, its characteristics are easy to change color, suitable for multi-color weft fabric, suitable for color weaving, double-layer velvet fabric, terry fabric and decorative fabric production.
2. Air-jet loom: The weft is drawn by the jet-compressed airflow, and the weft is carried over the spindle mouth. The biggest characteristic of Air-jet looms is the fast speed and high labor productivity, which is suitable for the production of flat and grain fabrics, fine density fabrics and large quantities of fabrics.
3, Water-jet loom: Using water as the weft-insertion medium, the jet water flow to the weft friction traction, so that the weft on the fixed package into the spindle mouth. Water-jet loom is characterized by high speed and high unit output, which is mainly applicable to the production of surface smooth hydrophobic filament fiber fabrics.
4, Shuttle loom: With a small clip-shaped shuttle clip holding weft, projection weft. Gripper loom has the advantages of stability of weft insertion, excellent quality of fabric, less weft yarn, etc., and is suitable for the production of multicolor weft fabric, fine dense fabric and wide fabric.