In 2017, China's textile industry overcame many unfavorable internal and external factors and achieved steady development. Under the task of developing the manufacturing industry from high speed to high quality, the textile industry has made an in-depth analysis of its achievements, characteristics and shortcomings. Sun Ruizhe, President of the China Textile Industry Federation, at the 2017 Conference on the work of China Textile Union, pointed out that in order to realize the high quality development of the textile industry and solve the contradictions from the external environment, we should focus on "three imbalances" and "three inadequacy". That is, "unbalanced supply and demand structure, unbalanced regional development, unbalance of industrial income" and "inadequate integration of production and financial integration, inadequate environmental construction and inadequate application of innovation".
Objective analysis of the problem of "imbalance"
Specifically, the three "imbalance" is mainly reflected in:
First, the structure of supply and demand is unbalanced. China has been the largest overseas consumer in the world for five years in a row. According to data from the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), the consumption of Chinese tourists reached 261 billion US dollars in 2016, an increase of 12% over the same period last year. China e-commerce research center data show that in 2016, China's cross-border online shopping users reached 42 million, an increase of 82.6% over the same period last year. The expansion of overseas consumption of Chinese residents is a direct result of the structural imbalance between supply and demand.
The imbalance between supply and demand lies in the fact that factor supply can not meet production needs, and product supply can not meet consumer demand. In the factor market, raw material supply is affected by mechanism policy, and structural contradiction is still outstanding. Taking cotton as an example, the difference of cotton price at home and abroad is great, and the international competitiveness of the spinning enterprises is reduced; the quality of cotton is not high and the effective supply is insufficient, which can not meet the needs of the transformation and upgrading of the textile enterprises. The efficiency of resource allocation is restricting the development of the industry. In the commodity market, the product homogeneity tends to be heavier, some industries have stage and structural overcapacity, the matching of supply and demand is misplaced, the large and effective supply shortage, the strong manufacturing capacity and the lack of innovation ability are highlighted, and the variety structure, quality quality and brand influence need to be promoted urgently. The adaptability of service to consumption upgrading needs to be strengthened.
Secondly, the regional development is unbalanced. There is a mismatch between the distribution of resources, the change of competitive advantage and the industrial pattern formed by many years of development. Under the guidance of the promotion of regional coordinated development strategy and the guidance of relevant policies, the textile industry is transferred orderly and the regional development gap has narrowed, but the overall pattern of unbalanced regional development and incoordination has not been fundamentally changed.
From the investment point of view, in ~2016 in 2012, the investment in the eastern region increased from 455 billion 621 million yuan to 739 billion 40 million yuan, increased by 62.20%, the investment in the central region increased from 262 billion 895 million yuan to 414 billion 394 million yuan and increased by 57.63%, and the investment in the western region increased from 60 billion 785 million yuan to 130 billion 441 million yuan, and increased by 114.60%. However, from the total output value, the total industrial output value of the textile industry, clothing industry and chemical fiber industry in the eastern region accounts for over 72% of the whole country. In 2016, the 199 industrial clusters identified by China Textile Federation accounted for 40% of the total industry revenue. Among them, the eastern region accounts for 84% of the total number of clusters, while the central region accounts for 11%, while the western region accounts for only 5%. This regional imbalance hinders the efficient flow and application of resources, restricts the development of regional comparative advantages and restricts the sustainable development of the industry.
Thirdly, the industrial income is unbalanced. In recent years, although the wages of the whole society have been rising generally, wages of manufacturing workers in various industries are still at a low level. In 2015 and 2016, the income level of the directors in the manufacturing industry was lower than that in the information transmission, software and information technology service industries. From the income gap, the income of the personnel of information transmission, software and information technology service industry from 2014 to 2016 is 2.15 times, 2.21 times and 2.22 times of the wages of the employees in the manufacturing industry respectively, and the gap is increasing gradually. In the capital market, the rate of return on assets of the three major sectors of textile, clothing and chemical fiber is low, and there is a big gap between the industries and other industries, reflecting the shortage of the industry's profitability. The current situation of low return on assets and low labor remuneration reflects the dislocation of the industry's profitability and contribution to the economy. The relative inferior position of the industry in the distribution of social profits makes the high quality resources not able to effectively gather in the industry, thus restricting the industry's transformation and upgrading and long-term development.