Recently, the Chinese Academy of Engineering in Beijing released the "China textile industry intelligent manufacturing development strategy research" project results. The development strategy and road map of China's textile industry intelligent manufacturing are clarified. "The overall level of textile intelligent manufacturing in the future 5~10 years is reached to the international advanced level, and the textile industry is supported by intelligent manufacturing and scientific and technological innovation to ecological, green, low carbon and high-end, and further expanded to the new industry. The strategic goal of the high textile industry to our country's economic society and the contribution of national defense security has clearly defined the key task and path of the development of the textile industry in our country. This article will lead you to listen to the voices of experts at the conference.
Traditional industrial thinking mode to be changed
An indisputable fact is that China's competitive advantage as a low-cost manufacturing country is gradually losing. With the rising cost of labor and other factors and other factors at home and abroad, the profit growth of textile enterprises has fallen from 43.9% in 2011 to 5.3% in 2015.
"In the next 5-10 years, intelligent manufacturing is a reliable guarantee for the sustainable development of our textile industry and towards the high end." Sun Jinliang, the academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, said. However, in his research, he found that a large number of textile enterprises still remain in traditional industrial thinking. The equipment is not interconnected, the technology is not interconnected, the products are not interactive, the organizational structure level is many, the manufacturing scale is large, the product is homogeneity, the element cost is high, and the competition is weak.
"Generic technology lays the foundation for the development of Intelligent Manufacturing in textile industry". Yu Jianyong, the academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, said that the textile industry is to be successfully transformed into intelligent manufacturing. The first problem to be solved is to realize the interconnection of equipment and eliminate information isolated island. "In the process of manufacturing, through automatic collection, statistics, analysis and feedback of all kinds of data produced by the machine, the results are used to optimize the manufacturing process and greatly improve the production efficiency." Yu Jianyong said.
Machine replacement highlights talent and the bottleneck of science and technology
Replacing machines with machines is a dominant symbol of the development of textile industry from traditional manufacturing to intelligent manufacturing. But machine replacement does not need people, "at present the most scarce is the knowledge and ability to integrate textile manufacturing technology and Internet technology." He Yanli, vice president of China Chemical Fiber Industry Association, said frankly.
Many years ago, the textile industry needs excellent tweaks, mechanic and marketing staff. With the development of the textile industry, the enterprises are in urgent need of the complex talents of various levels, such as robot craftsmen, network engineers and automatic control engineers, which are familiar with the characteristics of the textile process.
"The lack of such talents is also reflected in the field of education." He Yanli said that there are problems related to the training of relevant professionals, such as the aging of curriculum, lack of cross disciplines, professional education and the actual needs of enterprises.
In addition to the shortage of talents, the technological resources to promote the development of the textile industry for intelligent manufacturing are also very weak.
At present, the annual R & D input intensity of the chemical fiber manufacturing, textile and clothing industry in the textile industry is less than 1%, and it is in the middle and lower reaches of the 32 industries in the manufacturing industry.
"In theory, enterprises have 3% research and development investment in sales revenue, but the investment of R & D funds is mainly used for the introduction and updating of hardware facilities, and the investment in the key technology innovation research and development of intelligent manufacturing is generally low." Yu Jianyong said.
The state has invested relatively little in the research of intelligent manufacturing technology in textile industry, and lacks corresponding technological innovation base and service platform. To this end, Yu Jianyong suggested that textile manufacturing as the main body, cross domain organizations and related forces to carry out scientific and technological research.
A new model of steering service manufacturing
On the one hand, the development of computer, network and equipment manufacturing promotes the manufacturing technology of textile industry from automation and digitalization to intelligence. On the other hand, the development of the Internet economy also promotes the transformation of the textile industry to a new mode of service manufacturing.
Statistics show that in 2016, China's textile and clothing business transactions totaled 4 trillion and 450 billion yuan, 2.4 times that of 2012. The online marketing of textile and garment products is becoming more and more mature.
"The new generation of textile and clothing products, which are driven by the user's personalized demand, and participate in the whole process, have become the new kinetic energy of the development of the textile industry." Chen Wenxing, the president of the Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, said.
"Intelligent manufacturing of textile industry, not only includes digital technology represented by computer digital control throughout the whole life cycle of the product, but also should focus on the realization of the networked manufacturing under the conditions of ubiquitous perception and interconnection." Sun Jinliang said. He expects to lead the textile industry in our country from labor intensive, resource consumption to technology intensive, from manufacturing to creation, speed to quality, product to brand, and lead to high end in China's traditional industry.